Coffee descriptions and origin about coffee

Coffee descriptions and origin about coffee

coffee descriptions will be discussed. Two of the most well-known type of a coffee beans: C. arabica,  is considered the original and robusta coffee that gives more fruit and is both cheaper. Coffee is a tropical plant, shrub or tree with red berries fruits that resemble cherries. The twigs are typical coffee leaves and white flowers at flowering time. The fruit of coffee has two seeds, which are first green, then yellow to red, and finally, when fully ripe, black.

home roasted coffee beans

Credits : robogeoff/Flickr

Coffee is obtained from plants of the genus Coffea, from a family Rubicaceae. There are many species in this genus of plants, but mainly used grains Coffea arabica (typica and bourbon) and Coffea canephora (robusta). Arabica is known as Brazilian coffee, while C. canephora grown mainly in Africa.

The legend

Coffee thrives only in areas of warm, humid and rainy tropical climate. The history of coffee is rich and interesting as I drink. Coffee comes from the kingdom of Kaffa in Ethiopia, after which it was named. The legends say that this mystical potion discovered Khalid shepherd watching his goats to “dance” after they browsed red berries. Thanks to the Coptic priest coffee spread to the Arabian Peninsula. Ceremonies preparing, serving and drinking coffee developed by the Arabs.

Coffee is very quickly found its place in written documents, as in Arabia at first used as a medicine, and then became a religious and meditative drink. Rhazes, Arab philosopher wrote in the 9th century that coffee used to treat sciatica, in the 11th century was written to coffee strengthens the body, cleanses the skin and gives a great body odor.

The First coffee shop

The first official coffee shop opened in Constantinople, but sources say that the first coffee on European soil cooked in Venice. An interesting historical fact that while coffee consumption was even punishable by death since the rise to sin. In Turkey, a 15th century woman could divorce her husband if she did not give a daily dose of coffee.

Old Turkish proverb says:
“If someone offered coffee, because this gift of honor, honor and remember him for 40 years.”
“Coffee should be black as hell, strong as death and sweet as love.”

Energy and nutritive value  coffee descriptions:

Energy value coffee descriptions of 100 g instant coffee powder is 241 kcal / 1008 kJ. From that contains 41.1% carbohydrates, 12.2% protein and 0.5% fat.
From minerals coffee is a great source of magnesium (327 mg which makes 109% RDA), manganese (1.7 mg, which makes 85% RDA), phosphorus (303 mg, which makes 38% RDA), iron (4.4 mg, which makes 31.5% RDA), selenium (12 mg, which makes 28% RDA), a good source of copper (0.2 mg, which makes 15% RDA) and calcium (141 mg, which makes 14% RDA).
Since vitamin coffee is a good source of niacin (28 mg, which makes 176% RDA) and choline (102 mg, which makes 20.4% RDA).
In 100 g of instant coffee powder is 3142 mg of caffeine.
Energy value of 100 g drink espresso is 2 kcal / 8 kJ. From that contains 0.12% protein and 0.18% fat.

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